Interesting Culture Tours In Vietnam

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Many operators are setting up Vietnam culture tours to promote Vietnamese culture for everybody everywhere.          

Besides these types of tourism such as eco-tourism, medical tourism, adventure tourism, educational tourism, the cultural tourism has recently been recognized as a unique product of developing countries attracting many global tourists. Cultural tourism is a trend in developing countries because it brings great value to the social community. Vietnam culture tours mainly include traditional ethnic festivals and religious customs to create the attraction for domestic and foreign tourists. For tourists who have researched, explored traditions and indigenous customs, cultural tourism is an opportunity to satisfy their needs.

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The cultural tourism in Vietnam           

With the multi-layer, multi-color cultural depth, Hoi An is considered the living museum of architecture and urban lifestyle of Vietnamese people. The cultural values of Hoi An Ancient Town are beauty which must be stored and preserved. Many tourists who want to participate in the Vietnam culture tours cannot ignore  this place.

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Travel to Hoi An Ancient Town           

Situated on the Central Coast, Hoi An is a peaceful and romantic haven, situated next to Thu Bon River which flows into the sea. For a long time, Hoi An is a meeting convergence and harmony place with the international culture which is full of humanity. Therefore, architectural works and cultural values in Hoi An Ancient Town are gathered from different cultures.        

Hoi An is famous for the beauty of traditional, harmonious architecture of old houses, walls, and roads. Along with the ups and downs of history, the ancient town of Hoi An still retains the ancient beauty through tile roofs, bricks, tree rows. It is the idiosyncratic character in the essence of the local people. The most common type of housing is the tubular house with one or two floors with the narrow width and very long depth.

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The old house – the typical architecture in Hoi An ancient town           

The houses are made from materials with high strength and durability because of the harsh climate here. On each side, there is separating walls by the brick wall and the wooden frame which divides the house into three compartments with a central walkway.

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The section of an old house in Hoi An           

And when visitors come to Hoi An in Vietnam culture tours, they cannot miss the unique destination which is some famous ancient houses here such as Tan Ky ancient house, Quan Thang.           

Tan Ky House is one of the most prominent houses among the ancient houses in Hoi An. This house was built by Tan Ky shopkeeper trafficking- Chinese people at the end of the 18th century. This place is the home to seven generations in a family. Tan Ky ancient house was built nearly 200 years ago, bearing typical architecture in Hoi An with furniture. The house is divided into many rooms. Each room has its own function, built from traditional materials. The house still has many signs to prove the prosperity of foreign trade,   from the 18th century to the first half of the 19th century which the wealthy merchants built magnificent houses.

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Tan Ky ancient house           

Besides, Phung Hung ancient house also is one of the destinations which cannot miss the best tours to Hoi An in Vietnam. Located at No. 4 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai, Hoi An town, Phung Hung ancient house is the place where many generations of Phung Hung family live. It has been built for over two hundred years. Phung Hung ancient house is the most beautiful model of traditional architecture with high cultural value in Hoi An. Phung Hung is an architectural synthesis of three schools of architecture: Vietnam, Japan, and China. System balconies and shutters of Chinese, the roof in the middle with the four directions called the four seas is the architecture of Japanese.

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Phung Hung ancient house           

In addition, Phung Hung ancient house is the largest and highest house in the area. The frame system with 80 pillars from the ironwood is placed on the foot of the stone to prevent moisture by avoiding contact between the pillar and the ground. There is a trapdoor through with the upper floor so that when the flood occurs, people can move goods upstairs.

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Visiting Duc An ancient house in Hoi An           

Finally, people cannot ignore this ancient house named Duc An when coming to Hoi An. Duc An ancient house is a 180- year- old house. When visiting here, tourists will feel the old and the quiet existing in the space of the house, on each of the simple furniture of the family such as tables and chairs, the oil lamp. They have had hundreds of years old. Moreover, this place is also the contact base, revolutionary activities and the secret stop of the comrades’ key leaders of Hoi An at that time.

Enjoy your Hoian culture tours through some famous festivals

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Hoian is a cultural heritage in the world. It has many interesting things to discover. Among them, joining Hoian culture tours to enjoy some famous festivals in Hoian is one of the best choices.

Lady Thien Hau worshiping festival

This festival is held by Hoa community living in Hoi An City. The two places where people choose to organize it are Phuc Kien Club and Ngu Bang Club. It annually takes place on the twenty-third day of March of the Lunar calendar in order to commemorate and honor lady Thien Hau. She was a Chinese people living in Tong era and her hometown was Phuc Kien Province. She had a special ability to predict the weather thus helping local farmers and fishermen avoid natural disasters effectively. Also, she continued assisting and preserving them in their settlements in a new land. Therefore, this festival is a chance to reinforce the solidarity between the two races and it becomes a Vietnamese cultural identity.

Lady Thien Hau

Lady Thien Hau

Lady Thu Bon Worshiping Festival

It is an age-old traditionally folk festival occurring yearly in Duy Xuyen District, Quang Nam Province. Its aim is to have the merits of Lady Thu Bon in remembrance. She, also known by the name Madame Bo Bo, was a Cham people. She had a great contribution to building up agriculture and silviculture for people in this land. She represented for love, belongings, and rose-color for all regional people. Her mausoleum was built a long time ago by local people in Duy Tan Commune. This festival occurs boisterously with some interesting activities. In general, it includes liturgies, boat-races, parade, folk games and so on. At the last night, it has flower garlands and colored lanterns festival and campfire.

Lady Thu Bon Worshiping Festival

Lady Thu Bon Worshiping Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival – a festival characterizing for Hoian culture tours

According to Vietnamese custom, Mid-Autumn Festival takes place in the middle of autumn, it means the fifteenth day of August of the Lunar Calendar. This time is believed to be the most beautiful day in autumn because the moon is round and light in a maximum way. From the beginning of this month, people have prepared a lot for this festival. In this occasion, people always place the five-fruit tray on the ancestral altar and in their home yield. Adults usually come together and drink while talking about some funny stories in their lives. Meanwhile, children like joining lantern parade, sing some special songs and eating confectionery. Besides, Mid-Autumn Festival is the opportunity to forecast the next crops basing on the color of the moon. Therefore, it deserves to choose if you want to enjoy a cultural tour in Hoian Vietnam.

Mid-Autumn Festival in Hoian

Mid-Autumn Festival in Hoian

Ghost Festival

On the full moon in July of the Lunar Calendar each year, many Vietnamese people in general and Hoian people, in particular, go to the pagoda to pray for the salvation of the dead soul. Especially, people usually wish for their mother to be long-lived with them. In many pagodas in Hoi An, Ghost Festival is held in a warm atmosphere when all participants spend the whole love to their parents. In Phap Bao Pagoda, it has a prom night called “Bong hong can ao”. It gives people some precious moments to think about the love between individuals, child, and parents. The rose stuck on the chest as a promise to always beside parents. It reminds people of how crabwise parents underwent in all year round.

It is time to commemorate the merits of parents

It is time to commemorate the merits of parents

Thanh Ha pottery village festival

On the tenth day of January of the Lunar Calendar every year, hundreds of people in Thanh Ha pottery village gather to Nam Dieu Shrine to prepare for some formal liturgies. This festival attracts a lot of people in this region and tourists from everywhere. It is a spiritual culture activity with a lot of folk etiquettes performed by artists and local people. From the early morning, the main ceremony is organized with the parade team walking along the streets. It goes from Nam Dieu Shrine to Thanh Chiem Shrine. It is a place to worship, honor and believe in progenitors. In the festival oration, people wish for a peaceful country and a rich crop. After these activities, most people in Thanh Ha village wear “ao dai” and flower scarf, invite tourists to join the folk games like “Cong nang ve dinh”, “Lai buon xuat sac” or making ceramics, cooking by casseroles and so on. Therefore, this village becomes an ideal cultural place of Vietnam to visit in Hoi An.

Vu Lan – The deep-rooted Buddhist Ceremony Dedicated to Parents and Ancestors

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If you are interested in Vietnamese culture, Vu Lan ceremony must definitely must-join ceremony during you Vietnam culture tours. It’s not just an ordinary festival, Vu Lan is an important ceremony that contributes to the variety of cultural identities in Vietnam.

Let’s us make a brief introduction about Vu Lan before you go on culture tours in Vietnam:

Vu Lan ceremony

Vu Lan ceremony

Vu Lan is one of the main holidays of Buddhism and is rooted in Chinese customs.

The origin of the ceremony

Bodhisattva Maudgalyayana

Bodhisattva Maudgalyayana

Derived from the story of Bodhisattva Maudgalyayana has hastily saved his mother from evil ghosts. Vu Lan is an annual holiday to commemorate parents (and their ancestors in general) – parents of this and previous lives.

According to the Vu Lan, in the past, Bodhisattva Maudgalyayana has successfully cultivated many miraculous powers. His mother, Thanh De, had died, he missed his mother and wanted to know how was her. He used his eyes to see the heaven and hell to find. Seeing his mother, because of causing many evil karmic, she had to born as hungry ghosts, which was always hungry and thirsty. He brought rice to the devil realms for his mother. However, due to hunger, his mother used to cover her rice bowl with one hand to prevent other spirits from the robbery. So when the food brought to her mouth, it turned into red fire.

According to Vu-Lan-tub, Muc Lien returned to find the Buddha to ask for his mother rescue, the Buddha said: "Your generous magic is not enough to save her. The only way is teaming up with the monks. On the full moon day of July is a good day to welcome the monks, prepare the ceremony on that day.”

The Buddha

The Buddha

According to the Buddha, Muc Lien's mother was liberated. Buddha also taught that: beings who want to show their piety to their parents can also do this way. Since then, Vu Lan ceremony has been born.

Meaning of worship

Vu Lan coincides with the 7th day of the 7th lunar month in Asia. According to folk belief, this is the day of the opening of the prison, the amnesty for the victims should be worshiping the soul (from the afternoon onwards) for homeless shelter without relatives. This is also the day when all inmates in Hell have the opportunity to be absolved, to be born in the realm of peace.

On this day, every family offers two dishes: offering ancestors at the ancestral altar and worshiping the sentient beings in the front yard or on the sidewalk (if wide). The time of worship may be in the morning, noon or afternoon.

On the ancestral cart, the family placed a tray of salty salmon, gold coins, and supplies for the land of the yew. The code was made of paper symbolic but shaped like real clothes such as clothes, shoes, jacket, palace, horse, jewelry, kepi helmet, maid, etc. to modern things: tall buildings, cars Automobiles, motorcycles, telephone, etc. let the yin men have a comfortable life in the other world. These are usually made at production facilities (known as the Golden City in Cholon City) which are transported throughout the provinces.

In addition to the grandparents' ancestors in the house, at the Vu Lan festival, people also donated outside offerings called porridge, burns, boiled flowers with rice, salt, gold for the souls and hungry ghosts.

In the "soul month", traditional Vietnamese people believe that is an unlucky month, so if anyone has the accident or bad luck, often blame this time.

Vegetarianism, blessing, liberation, generosity is the way people dedicate merit to their parents have died.

To alleviate the unfortunate, people set up many taboos, as well as encourage vegetarianism to avoid killing and good luck. In addition, there are offerings, blessings, release, generosity to transfer merit to the lost parents.

During the Vu Lan holiday, thousands of temples in the Central area are open from early morning till late to welcome people to burn incense, pray for their loved ones. On this occasion, together with the organization of the festival, the supper for the spirituality, etc. The Board of the Buddhist Church of provinces and cities also organized many philanthropic activities help patients, the poor, the unfortunate children.

Vu Lan ceremony with many activities

Vu Lan ceremony with many activities

With Vietnam culture tour, you will experience all of the above activities in Vu Lan ceremony. The best way learn about a country is learning about their culture. It’s worth to take this trip and join this holiday once.