The ancient town of Hoi An was a large trading port and the home of the overseas Chinese. During this time, the Chinese built community halls to serve as a place for the common spirituality of the community. Up to now, these architectural works still bear the mark of time contributing to the characteristics of Hoi An. It takes less than an hour to visit the whole five buildings of the Old Quarter, starting from Nguyen Duy Hieu Street to Tran Phu Street – Hoi An’s most central street. Let’s find out these five Assembly Hall on your Hoian group tours.
Cantonese Assembly Hall (176 Tran Phu street)
Cantonese Assembly Hall
To start your Hoian cultural tour, you should start by visiting the Cantonese (Cantonese Assembly Hall) that was built in 1885. At first, this Assembly Hall was used to worship Thien Hau Thanh Mau and Confucius. After 1911, Quan Cong and Tien Hien were worshiped here. The Assembly Hall is beautifully decorated by a harmonious combination of wood and stone materials in the structure with elaborate ornate and sophisticated carvings, which brings the construction a pedestal lordly, majestic appearance.
In the middle of the courtyard, there is a small lake with the bending dragon statue sanding for ” carp transforming to the dragon”. There are still many ceramic artifacts, statues depicting cultural dramas and many records of the life of the Cantonese people in Hoi An.
Duong Thuong Assembly Hall (64 Tran Phu street)
Duong Thuong Assembly Hall
Duong Thuong (also known as Ngu Bang Assembly Hall, Chinese Assembly Hall) was built in 1741 with the contributions of traders from five regions of China including Fujian, Chaozhou, Guangdong, Hainan, and Jiaoping . This place is used to worship Thien Hau Ngu Bang and Chinese compatriots living in Vietnam.
The chapel is decorated in Chinese style. Undergoing many restorations, The Hall still retains its original architectural style. Inside, there are three stone steles recording the origin, restored, renamed times and referring to the treasure that is the 500-year-old iron peak. The Hall also worshiped Thien Ly Nhan, Thuan Phong Nhi. It also offers sailboat model, boat model used by the Chinese for sea trading.
Phuoc Kien Assembly Hall (46 Tran Phu street)
Phuoc Kien Assembly Hall
The third Assembly Hall you can visit on your Hoian group tours is Phuoc Kien Assembly Hall. Among the five halls, Phuoc Kien is the biggest hall as well as the most famous destination for tourists. People say that, in the beginning, the Assembly Hall was just a small shrine worshiping the statue of Thien Hau Thanh Mau, but after many times of restoration, the hall has become more and more brilliant, spacious.
The structure is in Chinese number three style with the order of three-entrance gate, yard, two blocks in the East and the West, main building, backyard, and post-building. The Assembly expresses the Asian philosophy of human’s happiness. This place was granted the national historical-cultural vestige (17/02/1990) contributing to the beauty of Hoi An ancient architecture.
Hai Nam Assembly Hall (No. 10 Tran Phu)
Hai Nam Assembly Hall
Hai Nam Assembly Hall (also known as Quynh Phuc Assembly Hall) was donated by the Chinese state of Hainan in 1875. The hall worships 108 Chinese traders who were mistreated by the Nguyen dynasty as the ship’s robbery. After investigating the situation, King Tu Duc accredited them as “Nghia Liet Chieu” allowed local to build the temple to worship.
Hai Nam Assembly Hall is architecture in the shape of the Chinese word “Nation” on a large scale with the main building and two house on the East and West. The house was built with large columns standing on the marble base. The sculptures in the main hall are sculpturally sophisticated showing the richness of art in traditional sculpture.
Trieu Chau House Assembly Hall (157 Nguyen Duy Hieu Street)
To end your Hoian day tours, you can visit Trieu Chau House Assembly Hall. This Assembly Hall is located on Nguyen Duy Hieu street (from Tran Phu street to the direction of Cua Dai beach). It was built in 1845 by the Chinese community in Trieu Chau as a place for community activities and the worship place of the typhoon and wind the God that help people to travel peaceful, smooth sailing.
This building has a special value in the ancient urban architecture. Wooden frames, worship furniture, door systems are carefully carving wood decorating according to folklore, folk legend. Every year, on January 16th of the lunar calendar, the Assembly holds a ceremony to consecrate the original with the participation of many Chinese in Trieu Chau in Hoi An and neighboring provinces such as Hue, Da Nang, Quang Ngai, etc.
Note: In these five must-see destinations in Hoian, there are two convention centers where visitors are free to visit Duong Thuong Assembly Hall and Hai Nam Assembly Hall. The remaining works cost 80,000 VND / 3 locations (among the 22 sightseeing spots in Hoi An ancient town).